Your vagina produces liquids to keep it clean – just as your saliva clears your mouth. A change in color, consistency and smell of vaginal discharge may indicate an infection.
Vaginal discharge may take different forms and colors, it is important for every woman to understand whether the condition is normal or not.
1. Brown or bloody discharge
The brown color in vaginal secretion may be the result of old endometrial tissues. This happens if the blood of the previous period has not completely gone out of the body. When the blood finally leaves the body, it can make the vaginal discharge become brown. This happens most to ladies when they have a period of delay.
Vaginal walls can be abducted during sexual intercourse, resulting in minor bleeding. This blood dries on the vaginal walls and turns into light brown. This, in turn, will change the color of the discharge vagina to brown light. However, you should seek medical attention if the brown-light discharge continues for more than two days.
2. Creamy White discharge
All women experience the usual white discharge without itching and odors at some point during their lifetime and after puberty. This discharge is produced by the glands both in the vagina and the cervix.
It is designed to keep the vagina free of infection. Removes dead cells from the cervix and vagina, allowing the area to remain healthy and free of bacteria.
Smelling white thick strong discharge is usually associated with a yeast infection, which can also cause itching or irritation.
3. Green discharge
Here are the most common reasons why you might have a vaginal discharge that is green:
- Trichomoniasis : This is a very common sexually transmitted disease. In addition to green discharge, other symptoms, such as irritation and gland disease, have sometimes happened together. Furthermore, the infection may be transmitted to others.
- Chlamydia: Green discharge can sometimes be caused by chlamydia, a common STD among women. Women who experience frequent urinary symptoms, low-grade fever or vaginal bleeding between periods should be warned because they may indicate chlamydia. It can be dangerous for the female reproductive system and can lead to infertility and damage to the reproductive tract.
- Gonorrhea: Another reason for a light green discharge is gonorrhea. Gonorrhea affects many people who participate in unprotected sex. Gonorrhea can also affect the eyes, the anus, the neck and the mouth.
- Bacterial vaginosis: Bacterial vaginosis results in vaginal secretion with a fishy smell and light green color. When bacterial vaginosis occurs, there are usually too many bacteria known as Gardnerella or Mobiluncus in the vagina, resulting in abnormal discharge and vaginal burning. It’s not really an STD, because the bacteria is found in the vagina of any woman. Only the imbalance of bacteria leads to green discharge.
- Foreign body: A buffer that has not been removed for several days or a condom left in the vagina may cause a foreign body reaction and may cause the discharge to appear green. Other symptoms include pelvic discomfort, urinary pain, vulvar redness, vulvar swelling, and bright spots from the vagina due to the foreign body.
- Lichen Sclerosus: Another cause of green discharges is lichen sclerosus, which is a skin condition found in the female vulva. Start with white spots in the vulvar area that grow over time and change texture, pigment and skin coloration. The area of the vulva becomes wrinkled and thin. The skin is easily detached, resulting in itching, pain and red or violet bruises of the vulva area.
4. Clear Watery discharge
You usually do not have to worry about clear vaginal discharge of clear watery color. In fact, it indicates a good balance between yeast and healthy bacteria in the vagina.
This aqueous discharge plays a role in eliminating bacteria and dead cells in the vagina. You do not have to worry about discharging clear watery until they are accompanied by other symptoms. A change in smell or its consistency requires a visit to your doctor to confirm that all is well.
5. Cottage Cheese discharge
If you notice the discharge of heavy cheese, this may be due to a yeast infection. You develop this infection due to an overcrowding of the Candida fungus.
You will also notice other symptoms, such as pain and itching around the vagina. Evacuation may not have a strong smell, but it can smell a little yeast.
You will also experience a burning sensation when urinating or having a vaginal contact. Swelling and redness of the vulva and vaginal pain are also some of the symptoms that you experience due to a yeast infection.
Women of all ages can get yeast infections, but some women are at greater risk. The risk for Candida or yeast infection is higher if you are pregnant, use vaginal spray, take estrogen-containing hormonal contraceptive pills or have a weak immune system.
5. Yellow discharge
A yellow vaginal discharge is abnormal, especially when it has an unpleasant odor and is thick or weird.
There are several factors that may cause yellow discharge before your period. Generally, it may be associated with conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cervicitis, vulvovaginitis or sexually transmitted diseases. such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc
6. Smelly Discharge
The amount and the smell of vaginal discharge vary from one woman to another. A slight smell in the vaginal area is also normal. However, a strong odor of the vagina is abnormal and could be a sign of an infection.
Bacterial vaginosis is a frequent bacterial infection that leads to an increased amount of vaginal discharge with a strong, dirty and sometimes fishy odor.
The infection is common in women with multiple sexual partners and those who receive oral sex.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) spreads through sexual intercourse and occurs when bacteria spread from the vagina to other reproductive organs and cause a strong, dirty discharge.
Human papillomavirus infection or HPV infection is spread through sexual contact and can cause cervical cancer. The infection has no symptoms but causes a brown, bloody and / or aqueous vaginal discharge with a bad smell.
7. Pink Discharge
When you have a pink vaginal discharge, it is caused by a mixture of blood with mucus from the cervix. Many women have experienced it and wonder why it is caused. You may have to ask your doctor for this problem does not disappear on its own.
- If the egg was fertilized by sperm, you will get a pink discharge about a week before the missed period. You should do a home pregnancy test about a week after seeing or consulting your doctor about a blood test for pregnancy.
- Approximately 14 days after day 1 of the ovulation period. You may have a pink discharge at the time of ovulation. When the egg is released from the ovary at the time of ovulation.
- You can often get pink discharge as a result of contraceptive pills. Birth control modifies hormonal balance in the reproductive system, leading to occasional breakage or pink discharge after a period of time. If you accidentally omit a pill, you may also suffer a pink discharge.
- The pink discharge after the period may be linked to a female hormonal imbalance. This may be the result of a sudden change in the climate, increased stress, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, and extreme physical activity when you have polycystic ovaries, hyperplasia of the inner uterine lining, low thyroid status and other hormonal imbalances of the endocrine system or reproductive syndrome.
8. Red discharge
A red vaginal discharge is most commonly the result of bleeding during a period.
Gray vaginal discharge is not healthy and may be a symptom of a common bacterial infection called bacterial vaginitis.
Bacterial vaginosis usually causes other vaginal symptoms as well, including: itching irritation a strong odor redness around the vulva or a strong fishy smell, especially after intercourse.
A normal discharge is clear or cloudy white.
When to worry about your discharge and See a doctor
- They turn greenish, grey, white or yellowish;
- They are mixed with brownish clots or blood drops;
- Their amount increases significantly and appear daily for a long time
- You experience discomfort in your vaginal area
- A burning sensation during urination
- They have a bad / strong odor
- They are accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen
- Your health deteriorates significantly and experience lightheadedness
- Discharge accompanied by symptoms like itching or burning
- Discharge that is frothy or like cottage cheese
- Bleeding between periods or after menopause